De Tjongermolen, Mildam and Robert MacDougall

De Tjongermolen is a smock mill in Mildam, Friesland, Netherlands which was built in 1918, replacing a mill that had blown down and rebuilt on a new site in 1983. The mill has been restored to working order. It is listed as a Rijksmonument.

Contents 1 History 2 Description 3 Public access 4 References


A mill was built nearby in 1869. It blew down in 1918 and was rebuilt. The mill worked until 1950, after which it became derelict. The mill was sold to Stichting De Fryske Mole on 4 March 1983, becoming the 33rd mill owned by the society. It was moved to a new site nearby, and restored at a cost of ƒ220,000. The restoration, which resulted in a smaller mill than the original, was completed on 21 October 1983. The mill was restored again in the summer of 2012. A new cap and sails were fitted. De Tjongermolen is listed as a Rijksmonument, number 511214. Description For an explanation of the various items of machinery, see Mill machinery.

De Tjongermolen is what the Dutch describe as a Grondzeiler. It is a one storey smock mill on a single storey brick base. There is no stage, the sails reaching almost to ground level. The mill is winded by tailpole and winch. The smock and cap are boarded. The sails are Common sails. They have a span of 9.72 metres (31 ft 11 in). The sails are carried on a wood windshaft. It also carries the brake wheel which has 43 cogs. This drives the wallower (22 cogs) at the top of the upright shaft. At the bottom of the upright shaft there are two crown wheels The upper crown wheel, which has 33 cogs drives an Archimedes' screw via a crown wheel. The lower crown wheel, which has 32 cogs is carried on the axle of an Archimedes' screw, which was used to drain the polder. The axle of the screw is 22 centimetres (9 in) diameter and 3.40 metres (11 ft 2 in) long. The screw is 1.04 metres (3 ft 5 in) diameter. It is inclined at 24.5°. Each revolution of the screw lifts 82 litres (18 imp gal) of water. Public access

De Tjongermolen is open to the public by appointment.

Robert MacDougall and De Tjongermolen, Mildam

Photo of MacDougall in the team picture of the Montreal Victorias in 1895

Robert Ernest MacDougall (March 2, 1876 – March 26, 1950 ) was a notable Canadian ice hockey player and businessman. He played in the early days of organized ice hockey, before professionalism. He played the position of forward for the Montreal Victorias and was a member of five Stanley Cup-winning teams.

Contents 1 Personal life 2 Playing career 3 Championship controversy 4 Career statistics 5 References

Personal life

MacDougall was born in Montreal, Quebec. He attended Bishop's College School boarding school in Lennoxville as a youth. At BCS he played hockey with future Victorias team-mates Hartland MacDougall (no relation) and Ernie McLea. At age twelve, MacDougall played on the BCS first team of ice hockey, and is noted as one of the youngest to ever do so.

After ice hockey, MacDougall would become a partner with Hartland MacDougall in the stock-trading firm MacDougall & MacDougall of Montreal. The company continues today as MacDougall MacDougall MacTier. Playing career

Macdougall was the highest scoring forward before the 1900s in Stanley Cup play. Robert scored a confirmed total of 49 goals in 36 recorded games. Overshadowed today by the likes of teammates and Hall of Famers Graham Drinkwater and Mike Grant, Robert was consistently one of the Montreal Victorias' highest scoring forwards. Later in life his career would take an approach to banking (working alongside Hartland MacDougall of no relation) and he would leave the sport of hockey near the end of the Montreal Victorias' championship run. Championship controversy

Near the end of MacDougall's career he would generally only play championship games due to his work schedule. In his last season his career would end in some controversy. In the 1895 Stanley Cup final, with Montreal leading a total goal series with 4 goals to 2 against the Winnipeg Victorias, with about 12 minutes left in the game, MacDougall slashed Winnipeg's Tony Gingras. As Gingras was carried off the ice, referee Bill Findlay only called MacDougall for a two-minute minor. Angry that he should have been assessed a larger penalty, Winnipeg went into their dressing room in protest. Insulted, Findlay abruptly went home, but returned after officials followed him on a sleigh and persuaded him to return. Once back at the rink, the referee gave Winnipeg 15 minutes to return to the ice themselves. They refused and thus Findlay disqualified the team and declared Montreal the winners. 4,000 were attending the Winnipeg Auditorium rink to hear returns of the game by telegraph. Career statistics

Notes: Led league in scoring in 1895–96 (bold denotes league leader) Statistics do not include non-regular-season tournaments. Statistics for 1893–94 and 1896–97 are not fully available. Globe and Mail editions from 1897 indicate that Robert MacDougall played out the full season and is credited for scoring a minimum of 2 goals, perhaps more. Scoring summaries for most games were not published.
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