Bandwan (community development block) and Abraham Mapu

Bandwan (community development block) is an administrative division in Purulia Sadar East subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Bandwan police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Bandwan.

Contents 1 History 1.1 Maoist activities 2 Geography 2.1 Gram panchayats 3 Demographics 4 Literacy 5 References

History

Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956. Maoist activities

Banduan, along with certain other areas such as Manbazar, Jhalda, and Jaipur are part of the area affected by the violent activities of Indian Maoists, also referred to as Naxalites. Geography

Bandwan is located at 22°52′34″N 86°30′25″E / 22.876°N 86.507°E / 22.876; 86.507.

Bandwan community development block has an area of 367.08  km2.

The area forms the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau. The general scenario is undulating land with scattered hills. Gram panchayats

Gram panchayats of Bandwan block/ panchayat samiti are: Bandwan, Chirudih, Dhadka, Gurur, Kuilapal, Kumra, kunchia and Supudih. Demographics

As per 2001 census, Bandwan block had a total population of 83,678, out of which 42,246 were males and 41,427 were females. Bandwan block registered a population growth of 14.55 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.

Scheduled tribes at 42,096 formed around half the population. Scheduled castes numbered 6,273. Literacy

As per 2001 census, Bandwan block had a total literacy of 47.67 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 66.52 per cent female literacy was 28.46 per cent. Purulia district had a total literacy of 55.57 per cent, male literacy being 73.72 per cent and female literacy being 36.50 per cent.

Abraham Mapu and Bandwan (community development block)

Abraham Mapu

Abraham Mapu (1808, Vilijampolė, Kaunas – 1867, Königsberg, Prussia) was a Lithuanian Jewish novelist in Hebrew of the Haskalah ("enlightenment") movement. His novels later served as a basis for the Zionist movement.

Contents 1 Biography 2 Evaluation 3 Legacy 4 Novels 5 Commemorations 6 References 7 External links

Biography

As a child, Mapu studied in a cheder where his father served as a teacher. He married in 1825.

For many years he was an impoverished, itinerant schoolmaster. Mapu gained financial security when he was appointed teacher in a government school for Jewish children. He worked as a teacher in various towns and cities, joined the Haskalah movement, and studied German, French and Russian. He also studied Latin from a translation of the Bible to that language, given him by his local rabbi.

He returned in 1848 to Kaunas and self-published his first historical novel, Ahavat Zion. This is considered the first Hebrew novel. He began work on it in 1830 but completed it only in 1853. Unable to fully subsist on his book sales, he relied on the support of his brother, Matisyahu. In 1867 he moved to Königsberg due to illness, published his last book, Amon Pedagogue (Amon means something like Mentor), and died there. Evaluation

Mapu is considered the first Hebrew novelist. Influenced by French Romanticism, he wrote intricately plotted stories about life in ancient Israel, which he contrasted favorably with 19th-century Jewish life. His style is fresh and poetic, almost Biblical in its simple grandeur. Legacy

The romantic-nationalistic ideas in his novels later inspired David Ben-Gurion and others and served as the basis for the implementation of these ideas in the Zionist movement that later led to the establishment of the state of Israel. The American Hebrew poet, Gabriel Preil, references Mapu in one of his works, and focuses on the two writers' native Lithuania. Novels Ayit Tzavua (1858) (Hypocrite Eagle) Ahavat Zion (1853) (Amnon, Prince and Peasant as translated by F. Jaffe in 1887) Ashmat Shomron (date unsure of) (Guilt of Samaria) Commemorations

Streets bearing his name are found in the Kaunas Old Town and in the Israeli cities of Tel-Aviv and Jerusalem. A well-known Israeli novel called "The Children from Mapu Street" ("הילדים מרחוב מאפו") also celebrates his name.
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