Stephen Molyneux and Pierre Desceliers

Not to be confused with Stefan Molyneux.

Steve Molyneux, (born Walton, Liverpool, Lancashire, 24 February 1955) is a British educational technologist whose work as a Microsoft Professor of Advanced Learning Technology and as an Apple Distinguished Educator has led to him influencing the use of technologies across the British School system. His use of technology across public life led to him resigning as a Justice of the Peace on 25 April 2009 due to an issue over his use of Twitter in reporting the outcome of public case hearings. Whilst not forced to resign, Molyneux took the stance that Justice should be seen to be transparent and that Social Networking technologies such as Twitter was a way forward in achieving this. Three months after he resigned the Justice Secretary Jack Straw announced that the Crown Prosecution Service would publish the outcome of cases on the Internet.

After spending 16 years in the multimedia and education industry working for ATARI, AriolaSoft and the German Ministry of Education and Science, Molyneux returned to the UK in 1991 when he founded, together with John Rodgers of TIME, the European Multimedia Awards. During the 1990s the EMMAs became one of the most prestigious awards in the Multimedia Industry, attracting as sponsors and judges pioneers of multimedia such as Douglas Adams.

In 1995, whilst holding the Microsoft Chair of Advanced Learning Technologies at the University of Wolverhampton, he developed one of the first Virtual Learning Environments.

In 1996, as a British Association for the Advancement of Science media fellow, he developed with Ed Briffa, Editor of the BBC Science programme Tomorrow's World, one of the first real-time online science magazines. The magazine was set up to report live from the Annual Festival of Science held at University of Birmingham and reporters included Vivienne Parry, Philippa Forrester and Craig Doyle.

In 2002 he was appointed by Estelle Morris, the then Secretary of Education as a member of the Post-16 eLearning Strategy Taskforce. The taskforce was chaired by Steve Morrison, CEO of ITV. The report was published in July 2002 under the title "Getting on with IT".

In 2003 he proposed and attracted funding for an "e-Innovation Centre" at the university which could combine the research and development skills of the higher education sector with that of industry to promote Internet-based start-up companies. In October 2010, UK Prime Minister David Cameron announced £200 million to develop such technology centres as part of the government strategy to enhance UK growth.

In 2005 he was appointed advisor to the UK Deputy Chief of Defence Staff to monitor the evaluation of a Defence Training Review initiative.

Molyneux worked closely with Cambridge University Press and Abilene Christian University in Texas on redefining the 'textbooks' and the use of technologies to support mobile learning.

He is a patron of Shropshire Young Enterprise and from 2003-2007 was Mayor of Oakengates, in Telford where he currently resides. He broadcasts occasionally on BBC Radio Shropshire Morning Show on issues relating to technology and in October 2009 was elected to the West Midlands regional committee of the British Science Association.

In 2012 he founded the iPad Academy, later rebranded Tablet Academy, as an education consultancy and teacher training organisation focusing on the use of tablet technology in the classroom and in 2014 took up a visiting post as Professor of Global Education Leadership in the Centre for Doctoral Studies within the Education Faculty at Lamar University in Texas.

Pierre Desceliers and Stephen Molyneux

Pierre Desceliers (c. 1500 – c. 1558) was a French cartographer of the Renaissance and an eminent member of the Dieppe School of Cartography. He is considered the father of French hydrography.

Little is known of his life. He was probably born at Arques-la-Bataille about 1500. However, other sources give his birth date as 1483, although this seems unlikely, given the date of his maps. Desceliers' father was an archer at the Chateau d’Arques and his family possibly originated from the d’Auge area, where the family name survives between Honfleur and Pont-l’Évêque.

It is known that Desceliers was ordained and lived near Arques. He was also an examiner of Maritime Pilots and was authorised to award patents on behalf of the French king, as evidenced by the seal found bearing his initials. He probably also taught hydrography. He made a hydrographic chart of the coast of France for Francis, Duke of Guise. Detail of the Map of Jave La Grande, 1550, by Desceliers Cartographic work

He was close to Jean Ango and Dieppois, explorers Giovanni da Verrazano and the brothers Jean and Raoul Parmentier. Although it seems unlikely that he took part in any voyages, he was able collect information including portolans, and he incorporated this information into his own maps. A school of cartography formed around him in Dieppe and included Nicolas Desliens among its members.

Desceliers made several large world maps in the style of nautical charts: The 1543 world map mentioned in 1872 in the inventory of the collection of Cardinal Louis d'Este under the title The descriptione carta del Mondo in pecorina scritta a mano, miniata tutta per P. Descheliers. The fate of this map is unknown. The 1546 world map (size: 2560mm x 1260mm), made to order for Francis I. It later belonged to a certain Jomard, then to the Earl of Crawford and is now stored in England at the John Rylands Library, Manchester (French MS. 1*) The 1550 world map, made for Henry II, showing his arms as well as those of Anne de Montmorency (Marshal of France) and Admiral Claude d'Annebaut. This chart is preserved in London, at the British Library. The 1553 world map. This was lost in a fire in Dresden in 1915. A copy is on display in Dieppe Castle. Another world map, dated 1558 whose fate is currently unknown, appeared in the International Exhibition of Geography in Paris in 1875.

The Dieppe maps show a precise knowledge of coastlines, and also included representations of imaginary places, fantastic people and bizarre animals. In the southern hemisphere section, a landmass entitled Jave la Grande was shown in the approximate position of Australia. This has led to speculation that the Dieppe maps are evidence of European (possibly Portuguese) exploration of Australia in the 16th century; one hundred years before its well documented exploration by the Dutch. The representation of eastern Canada was well detailed, along with most of the America north and south, just fifty years after the voyage of Columbus.

Despite their great value, both artistic and cartographic, the charts quickly fell into disuse after the end of the 16th century, when the market came to be dominated by Flemish and Dutch mapmakers. Death and memorials

Desceliers is believed to have died in Dieppe in 1558. There is a statue of him in Dieppe, and a street named after him.

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