Silver Lake, Wyoming County, New York and Matthias GallasSilver Lake is a community in Wyoming County, New York. It is located on New York State Route 39 south of the village of Perry in the Town of Castile. It is named for the nearby lake to the west, which extends from the village of Perry south to Silver Lake State Park near Silver Springs.Contents 1 Geography 2 History 3 Today 4 Notable residents 5 References 6 External linksGeographySilver Lake is located at 42°42′06″N 78°01′19″W / 42.701729°N 78.021951°W / 42.701729; -78.021951 (42.701729, -78.021951). Its elevation is 1,375 feet (419 m). The lake is one of few in the United States that has its inlet and outlet at the same end. HistoryA legend has arisen surrounding the report of a sea serpent in the nearby lake. According to an affidavit sworn by four men who were out fishing on July 13, 1855, it was a 60-foot-long (18 m) serpent with glowing, red eyes. The resulting frenzy that came from this story created an immense boom for the nearby town of Perry and Silver Lake. After this incident, about 100 other people claimed to see the giant beast. This phenomenon lasted throughout the summer and was last seen towards the end of the season. Despite the lack of appearance, it remained one of the most popular places in America.One of the main beneficiaries of the sea serpent was A. B. Walker, the owner of the Walker Hotel in Silver Lake. When the Hotel burned down in 1857, firemen discovered the remains of the legend: a large mass of canvas. He had constructed the entire monster in order to attract business to the lake. It was said he got the idea from an Indian legend. The village is home to the Silver Lake Institute Historic District, listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985.The town holds a festival dedicated to the serpent even though it is now a harmless cartoon, similar to the Loch Ness Monster.Located on the east bank of the lake is the Silver Lake Institute Historic District. TodaySilver Lake has yet to revive the popularity it once had, but it remains a favorite among those in the area.One attraction that is bringing people from across Western New York is the Charcoal Corral. It houses mini golf, bouncy castles, an arcade, ice cream and pizza parlor, and two drive-in theaters. Notable residentsLate journalist Tim Russert is rumored to have stayed at Silver Lake during his childhood.
Matthias Gallas and Silver Lake, Wyoming County, New YorkMatthias Gallas.Matthias Gallas, Graf von Campo und Herzog von Lucera (Count of Campo, Duke of Lucera) (Matteo Gallasso; 1584 in Trento – 1647 in Vienna), was an Austrian soldier, who first saw service in Flanders, then in Savoy with the Spaniards, and subsequently joined the forces of the Catholic League as captain during the Thirty Years' War.Contents 1 Biography 2 Assessment 3 Family 4 Notes 5 References 6 External linksBiographyOn the general outbreak of hostilities in Germany, Gallas, as colonel of an infantry regiment, distinguished himself, especially at the battle of Stadtlohn (1623). In 1630 he was serving as General-Feldwachtmeister under Count Collalto in Italy, and was mainly instrumental in the capture of Mantua in the War of Mantuan Succession. Made count of the Empire for this service, he returned to Germany for the campaign against Gustavus Adolphus. In command of a corps of Wallenstein's army, he covered Bohemia against the Swedes in 1631-1632, and served at the Alte Veste near Nuremberg, and at Lützen. Further good service against Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar commended General Gallas to the notice of the emperor, who made him lieutenant-general in his own army.Upon being approached by Joachim Friedrich von Blumenthal at the Emperor Ferdinand's behest, he became one of the chief conspirators against Wallenstein, and after the tragedy of Eger was appointed to the command of the army which Wallenstein had formed and led. At the great battle of Nördlingen (August 23, 1634) in which the army of Sweden was almost annihilated, Gallas commanded the victorious Imperial forces. His next command was in Lorraine, but even the Moselle valley had suffered so much from the ravages of war that his army perished of want.Still more was this the case in northern Germany, where Gallas commanded against the Swedish general Banér in 1637 and 1638. At first driving the Swedes before him, in the end he made a complete failure of the campaign, lost his command, and was subject to much ridicule.It was, however, rather the indiscipline of his men (the baneful legacy of Wallenstein's methods) than his own faults which brought about his disastrous retreat across North Germany, and at a moment of crisis he was recalled to endeavour to stop Torstensson's victorious advance, only to be shut up in Magdeburg, whence he escaped with the barest remnant of his forces. Once more relieved of his command, he was again recalled to make head against the Swedes in 1645 (after their victory at Jankow). Before long, old and warworn, he resigned his command, and died in 1647 at Vienna. AssessmentGallas's "ineffectiveness severely damaged the Habsburg cause in the latter stages of the Thirty Years’ War". His army had earned for itself the reputation of being the most cruel and rapacious force even in the Thirty Years' War, and his Merode Bruder have survived in the word marauder. Like many other generals of that period, he had acquired much wealth and great territorial possessions (the latter mostly his share of Wallenstein's estates). Although Gallas was victorious in the first of the battles of Nördlingen (1634), carelessness and drunkenness thereafter marred his conduct of the war. He later became known as the “destroyer of armies,” especially after his disastrous campaigns of 1637, 1638, and 1644, each of which resulted in the annihilation of his troops. FamilyHe was the founder of the Austrian family of Clam-Gallas, which furnished many distinguished soldiers to the Imperial army. Notes ^ Regarding personal names: Graf is a title, translated as Count, not a first or middle name. The female form is Gräfin. ^ Regarding personal names: Herzog is a title, translated as Duke, not a first or middle name. The female form is Herzogin. ^ a b c d e f g Chisholm 1911, p. 413. ^ EB staff 2012, Matthias Gallas, count von Campo.
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